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East Sikkim

East Sikkim is one of the four administrative districts of the Indian state of Sikkim. Geographically, East Sikkim occupies the south-east corner of the state. The capital of East Sikkim is Gangtok, which is also the state capital. It is the hub of all administrative activity in the state.
The civilian region is administered by a district collector, appointed by the Union Government and the military area by a Major General. As of 2011 it is the most populous of the four districts of Sikkim.



East Sikkim was part of the kingdom of Sikkim for most of its history. In the 19th century, the district was under the rule of the Bhutanese. After the Anglo Bhutan war, the territory was virtually under the command of the British forces. After India's independence in 1947, the area was part of the kingdom of Sikkim under the protection of India. During the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Nathula Pass witnessed a few skirmishes between India and China. In 1975, the Sikkim formally became part of the Indian Union as India's 22nd state.


 Gangtokis the capital and largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim. Gangtok is located in the easternHimalayan range, at an altitude of 5,800 feet (1,800 m). Gangtok is located at 27.33°N 88.62°E.


In addition to being the state capital, it is the headquarters of the East Sikkim district The town's population of 98,658 belongs to different ethnicities such as Indian-Nepalis, Lepchas and Bhutia, is administered by the "Gangtok Municipal Corporation".Nestled within higher peaks of the Himalaya and enjoying a year-round mild temperate climate, Gangtok is at the centre of Sikkim's tourism industry.


Gangtok rose to prominence as a popular Buddhist pilgrimage site after the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840. In 1894, the ruling Sikkim's Chogyal, Thutob Namgyal, transferred the capital to Gangtok. In the early 20th century, Gangtok became a major stopover on the trade route between Lhasa in Tibet and cities such as Kolkata (then Calcutta) in British India. After India won its independence from Britain in 1947, Sikkim chose to remain an independent monarchy, with Gangtok as its capital. In 1975, after the integration with the union of India, Gangtok was made India's twenty-second state capital.
The precise meaning of the name Gangtok is unclear, though the most popular meaning is "hill top".Today, Gangtok is a centre of Tibetan Buddhist culture and learning, with the presence of several monasteries, religious educational institutions, and centre's for Tibet logy.


Gangtok features a monsoon-influenced subtropical highland climate. Because of its elevation and sheltered environment, Gangtok enjoys a mild, temperate climate all year round. Like most Himalayan towns, Gangtok has five seasons: summer, monsoons, autumn, winter and spring.


Temperatures range from an average maximum of 22 °C (72 °F) in summer to an average minimum of 4 °C (39 °F) in winter. Summers (lasting from late April to June) are mild, with maximum temperatures rarely crossing 25 °C (77 °F). The monsoon season from June to September is characterized by intense torrential rains often causing landslides that block Gangtok's land access to the rest of the country.


Rainfall starts to rise from pre-monsoon in May, and peaks during the monsoon, with July recording the highest monthly average of 649.6 mm (25.6 in).[16] In winter temperature averages between 4 °C (39 °F) and 7 °C (45 °F).Snowfall is rare, and in recent times Gangtok has received snow only in 1990, 2004, 2005 and January 2011.[15] Temperatures below freezing are also rare.[15]During this season the weather can be unstable, and change abruptly from bright sunshine and clear skies to heavy rain within a couple of hours. During spring and autumn the weather is generally sunny and mild.


Owing to its elevation, Gangtok is often enveloped in fog during the monsoon and winter months.



Enchey Monastery

An important seat of the Nyingmapa order, the Enchey Monastery is built on the site blessed by Lama Druptob Karpo, a tantric master known for his power of flying. This 200 year old monastery has in its premises images of gods, goddesses and other religious objects. Every year around January 'Chaam' or religious masked dances is performed here with great fanfare for two days.


Directorate of Handicrafts and Handlooms

Instituded with the aim of promoting and keeping alive the state's traditional art & craft ,the DHH is a store house of hand woven woolen carpets,with traditional motifs,blanket, shawls,and exquisitely carved 'Choktse'or table and many other gift item.

visiting hours:monday to saturday,Sale emporium remains open throughout the year.


Tashi View Point

Is about 8kms from Gangtok,from the point one gets a breath taking view of Mt.Khang-chen-Dzonga,one of the most graceful peaks in the world . acclaimed to be amongst the most popular photography point in the Sikkim Himalayas . From here, one can also see monasteries at Phodong and Labrang . An observatory tower has recently been set up. Tourists can avail of the facilities provided by a small but well- stocked cafeteria located here


Bakthang Waterfalls

20 minutes drive from Gangtok is Bakthang Water Falls alongside the 31 A National Highway leading to North Sikkim. It originates from Ratey Chu, the main water source of Gangtok region. Suggested to go to with a view to relax and to take photographs.


Baba Harbhajan Singh Memorial Temple

Built in the memory of Harbhajan singh ,a sepoy in the 23rd punjab regiment ,The temple lies around the road between the Nathula and also the Jelepla Pass and is visited by hundreds of individuals each day. The temple is believed to have wish-fulfilling powers and several devotees leave behind bottles of water at the temple which they pick up on their way back as holy water. On Sundays a 'langar' is run at the temple which provides free meals towards the guests.


Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

The world's largest treasury of invaluable old Tibetan books and manuscripts on Buddhist philosophy and religion, science, medicine, astrology, etc the Namgyal Institute of Tibetology attracts Buddhist scholars from around the world . It also houses a wide range of Lepcha and Sankrit manuscripts and scrolls of ancient vintage . In the appended museum are over 200 icons, old tankhas and some ritual vessels amongst various objects d'art on display. Take trip upstairs to observe the cataloguing and restoration of these treasures . Open : 10 am—4 pm


Rumtek Monastery

The 24 km drive from the capital to Rumtek Monastery is, in itself, worth the effort. Changing vistas of mountains unfold at every bend and there are delightful vignettes of the hamlets and fields of the people of rural Sikkim. The original monastery was built by one of the rulers of Sikkim. When, however, His Holiness the late 16th Gyalwa Karampa left Tibet he built a new monastery, the Dharma Chakra Centre, reputedly replicating his former one.



Tsomgo Lake

It is located at a distance of 38 kms from Gangtok . This serene lake is situated at an altitude of 3780mtrs .The lake is about 1km long , oval in shape, 15 metres deep and is considered sacred by the local people . This placid lake remains frozen during the winter months . Between May and August, it is possible to see a variety of flowers in bloom, including the Rhododendrons, various species of Primulas, Blue and yellow Poppies, lrish etc . It is open for both the Foreigners and Indians . Foreign visitors have to be in a group of two or more and have to apply for the visitors' permit through a registered travel agency .



Nathu La is one of the three open trading border posts between China and India; the other two are Shipkila in Himachal Pradesh and Lipulekh (or Lipulech) in Uttarakhand.[2] Sealed by India after the 1962 Sino-Indian War, Nathu La was re-opened in 2006 following numerous bilateral trade agreements. The opening of the pass was expected to bolster the economy of the region and play a key role in the growing Sino-Indian trade but that has not happened.



This cable car ferries the tourists from Deorali via Hur Huray Dara near Sikkim Legislative Assembly to Tashiling Secretariat. Besides the thrill of the ride one can also enjoy breathtaking aerial views of the Gangtok hills .


Banjhakri Water Falls

Located en route to Ranka and 4 kms away from Gangtok, the Ban Jhakri Falls Energy Park, lies amidst a lush green valley spread over two acres, surrounded by trees and a gushing mountain river. The Park has a shamanistic theme. Hence, while the location of the Park penetrating the forest spreads seeks to enhance the essence of the occult and the unknown, the place itself is littered with ethnic sculptures and figurines of the jhakri culture.


Hanuman Tok

Hanuman Tok is a Hindu temple complex which is located in upper reaches of Gangtok, the capital of Indian state of Sikkim.The temple is dedicated to Hanuman, the Monkey God. The temple is maintained by the Indian army. According to the local legends, when Hanuman was flying with the "Sanjeevani"( mythological life saving herb) mountain to save Rama's brother Lakshmana he rested in the spot where his temple now lies for some time.


Ganesh Tok

It is situated on a ridge at a distance of 7 kms from Gangtok. From this Spot one can get birds eye view of sprawling Gangtok town, while across the hills Mt. Khang-chen-Dzonga and Mt. Siniolchu loom over the horizon. A cafeteria serves hot tea, coffee and snacks. The view from here is truly breathtaking with snow peaks providing the perfect backdrop for a panoramic view of Gangtok town. Dedicated to Lord Ganesh, the temple is located at an altitude of 6500 feet on a panoramic hilltop.


Flower Complex

Flower exhibitions are organised round the year at the flower show venue near the white memoriel hall complex ,gangtok .Orchid show held during the spring season is one of the most popular show organised in the state.